Test of the thingGo Basics

Variables

Strictly Typed and set during compilation

1var a bool
2a = false
3b := true
4
5fmt.Println(a, "and", b)
6// false and true
1type banana int
2var b banana
3fmt.Println(b)
4// 0
5fmt.Printf("%T\n", b)
6// main.banana

Functions

function singature func functionname(parametername type) returntype {

1func addNum(a int, b int) int {
2  var sum = a + b
3  return sum
4}

hello world

1package main
2
3import (
4  "fmt"
5)
6
7func main() {
8  fmt.Printf("Hello, Chris.\n")
9}

Composite Data Types

Arrays

Arrays are fixed length

ArrayType = [length]ElementType

1var list [5]int
2fmt.Println(list)
3// [0 0 0 0 0]

Slices

Numbered lists of a single type. They can be resized. Slices are built on top of arrays and passed by reference

Composite literal syntax t := type{values}

1listX := []int{1, 2, 5, 8}
2fmt.Println(listX)
3// [1 2 5 8]

Iterate through slice

 1// range allows looping through slices 
 2// (as well as arrays, maps, strings, 
 3// and reading from channels)
 4for index, value := range listX {
 5    fmt.Println(index, value)
 6}
 7//0 1
 8//1 2
 9//2 5
10//3 8

Working with Slices

Make function will create a new slice

1var listY = make([]string, 3, 5)

Shorthand for creating a new slice and iterating through it

1for i, v := range []string{"foo", "bar", "baz"} {
2    listY[i] = v
3}

Append items to slice.

1listOdd := []int{1, 3, 5, 7, 8}
2listOdd = append(listOdd, 9, 11, 13, 15)
3fmt.Println(listOdd)
4
5newOddNumbers := []int{17, 19, 21}
6listOdd = append(listOdd, newOddNumbers...)

... will unfurl a list. It is useful for passing in variadic parameters from list data types (like above.)

Slicing a slice

 1fmt.Println(listOdd[0])
 2// 1
 3fmt.Println(listOdd[1])
 4// 2
 5fmt.Println(listOdd[2:5])
 6// [5 7 8]
 7// From the beginning to the specified index
 8fmt.Println(listOdd[:5])
 9// [1 3 5 7 8]
10// From the specified index to the end
11fmt.Println(listOdd[5:])
12// [9 11 13 15 17 19 21]

Deleting from a slice

1// Deleting element from slice.
2listOdd = append(listOdd, 22, 24, 23, 25)
3fmt.Println(listOdd)
4// [1 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 22 24 23 25]
5realOdd := append(listOdd[:12], listOdd[14:]...)
6fmt.Println(realOdd)
7// [1 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 17 19 21]
8
9
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